What are the accomplishments of former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos during his term?
Ferdinand Edralin Marcos was the 10th President of the Republic of the Philippines. He served the country from 1965 to 1986, 21 years after he was exiled during the Edsa Revolution or the People Power of 1986.
His administration was bombarded with controversies and allegations of corruption and human rights violations during the martial law.
- The Cultural Center,
- the Folk Arts Theatre,
- the Philippine Heart Center,
- the Nutrition Center
- Manila Film Center
- Bataan Nuclear Power Plant – 1976 and was completed in 1985
- San Juanico Bridge – Construction of the bridge began in 1969. It was inaugurated on July 2, 1973, in time for Imelda Marcos’s birthday
- Marcos’s Green Revolution – With the support of the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) was established in the Philippines. By 1966, the rice variety IR-8 was created. It required intensive irrigation, plenty of fertilizer, and chemical pesticides, but produced substantially higher yields. This led to the creation of Ferdinand Marcos’s major programs, Presidential Decree No. 27, the Masagana 99 agricultural program, which had the goal of producing 99 sacks or 4.4 tons of unmilled rice per hectare to ensure self-sufficiency in food. Annual rice production in the Philippines increased from 3.7 to 7.7 million tons in two decades.The switch to IR8 rice made the Philippines a rice exporter for the first time in the 20th century. Although IR8 showed promising results, the years from 1965 to 1986 showed a complete paradox of events. The income per capita rose, the economy was growing, yet people were in famine. The American economist James K. Boyce calls this phenomenon “immiserizing growth”, when economic growth, and political and social conditions, are such that the rich get absolutely richer and the poor become absolutely poorer.